LED Basics

What you should know when purchasing LED flood light bulbs

Posted by Viola in LED Basics | 0 Comments
  • Viola
  • Viola is an online marketer and LED consultant. She frequently offers suggestions and instant solutions to her clients for better lighting ideas and designs.
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  • December 23, 2014
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Many environmental conscious people have converted to LED flood light bulbs for their high efficiency and eco-friendliness.  Although LED lights were very expensive when invented in the mid of 1960s, their prices now have been greatly reduced as a result of technological advancement. This is probably another major reason why LED lights are gaining more and more popularity.
As the demand for LED Lights saw a major increase, manufacturers began coming up with innovative updates to these lights making them available in different varieties, shapes, sizes, colors and watts. An LED Flood Light is one such form which has been put under a lot of use these days. 100W LED Flood Light is preferred a lot due to its salient characteristics that seem to be very useful indoors as well as outdoors.
So, what should you know when purchasing LED bulbs? The following list provides some basic guidelines:
1. While the initial cost per bulb is still high, the total lifetime cost of an LED light bulb is actually lower than that of equivalent incandescent and CFL bulbs. Taking into consideration energy costs as well as time and resources required to replace incandescent and CFL bulbs, an LED bulb that lasts 80,000 hours has a much lower lifetime cost.

led flood light bulbsled flood light bulbs2. LEDs are diverse, and – as unlucky purchasers are all too likely to find out the hard way – many types are useless for general lighting applications. The finest LED chips emit light with a Color Rendering Index (CRI) of 85%. The CRI, by the way, is a quantitative measure of the ability of a light source to reproduce the colors of various objects faithfully in comparison with an ideal or natural light source. LED light bulbs that use top-quality LEDs will last much longer than the novelty bulbs that many are selling and 60% longer than many competing bulbs that use inferior LEDs.

3. Contrary to what you may read some places, LEDs do generate heat, and this heat is actually the biggest problem that manufacturers face developing LED lighting applications. Manufacturers can now produce individual LED chips that are as bright as a 100-watt incandescent bulb, but these LEDs are practically useless for general lighting because installing them in a fixture creates ventilation problems that have not yet been solved. LEDs installed in fixtures and bulbs must be ventilated properly, and the better the chip, the more difficult it is to properly cool. There are many LED light bulbs on the market that do not take this into consideration and either use cheap chips so they don’t have to ventilate them, or do not ventilate their chips properly, significantly reducing its lifespan. While the typical LED light bulb is barely warm to the touch, if the chip is not properly ventilated, it can fail prematurely.

4. While LED light bulbs do last much longer than conventional bulbs, look closely at manufacturer claims for bulb life. The life-span of an LED light bulb should be its “half-life.” LED light bulbs do not burn out; rather, they gradually fade out. When a vendor says an LED bulb will last 80,000 hours, they mean that at that point, the chips will have reached 50% efficiency, and the bulb ought to be replaced. So, the bulb might last 100,000 hours or more, but its efficiency will have degraded greatly by that point. Using this 100,000-hour life as a selling point is therefore misleading. While LEDs don’t last forever, they will last 50-75 times longer than a comparable incandescent and 6-8 times longer than a CFL.

5. Searching the web, you will quickly find that the LED light bulb market is inundated with product. Many of these bulbs are relatively inexpensive (less than $20); however, you may find that many of these LED bulbs consist of questionable materials and dubious craftsmanship. Good LED light bulbs cost more than these cheap ones because they use high-quality chips with prices firmly set by reputable manufacturers. This means that though these LED light bulbs are more expensive, they are far superior.

6. LED flood light bulbs can’t be dimmed with traditional dimmers. LEDs require constant current to operate. Because of this, if a standard dimming method is applied, it will flicker at regular intervals, or worse, simply not work. In order to dim an LED light, a 0-10V dimming module is required in order to “trick” the LED into emitting less light. In theory, all LED lights are dimmable with this module.

7. When comparing LED flood light bulbs, you need to understand lumens. The lumen is a standard unit you can use to compare LED light bulbs to standard bulbs, such as incandescent and halogens. Roughly, a lumen is a measure of brightness. Lumen quantity is important, but maybe more important is lumen quality, i.e., luminous efficacy (lumen/Watt). Today’s quality LEDs has a luminous efficacy between 60-70 lumens/watt.

8. Color temperature and beam spread are the other key tools for comparing LED lights. Both color temperature and beam spread are measured in degrees. Color temperature refers to the color of the light emitted. In general, 3000 Kelvin is warm white (closer to infrared light) and 5000 Kelvin is cool white (closer to ultraviolet light). Cool white is brighter because it is the natural color of LED light, whereas chips that emit a warm white light require a phosphorous “filter” to “warm” the color temperature, thus reducing the chip’s brightness. Beam spread is the angle of the light that is being emitted. The lower the number, the more like a “spot” the light is.

LED flood light bulbs can not only provide enough lighting but also enhance safety when set outdoors. In case you are looking for high quality LED flood light bulbs, you may check here at Lighting Ever.

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